The dual edges of cryptocurrency in the Ukraine-Russia war

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Disclosure: The views and opinions expressed right here belong solely to the creator and don’t characterize the views and opinions of crypto.information’ editorial.

Cryptocurrencies are a subject of a lot debate concerning their advantages and downsides. Some imagine they’ll revolutionize the monetary system and forestall common monetary crises attributable to sure gamers with centralized management. Others argue that they’re primarily used for cash laundering as a result of their incapability to hint and skill to be simply misused for unlawful actions.

Crypto is a extremely polarizing matter, with supporters and opponents on both aspect of the argument. Nonetheless, like a coin, cryptocurrencies have two faces, which can be utilized for good or dangerous.

The talk surrounding using cryptocurrency for cash laundering is extremely controversial, particularly when it additionally applies to fiat currencies regardless of strict KYC and AML rules. In the meantime, the constructive makes use of of crypto far outweigh the fears of skeptics.

A chief instance is its use for donations in the course of the struggle in Ukraine. The quantity of cryptocurrency obtained for humanitarian support and Ukrainian military assist was considerably increased than that used for unlawful functions, reminiscent of funding hacker teams or supporting mercenary organizations.

Instantly after the start of the Russian invasion on February 24, 2022, Ukraine began to make use of all doable means to boost funds for its protection and humanitarian support. Cryptocurrency donations had been no exception.

As of July 2023, crypto donations made to Ukraine have reached $225 million, according to Crystal Blockchain analytics. Among the many organizations that raised essentially the most important quantities had been the Aid For Ukraine (over $60 million), Come Back Alive (over $28 million), and Serhiy Prytula Charity Foundation (over $3.2 million).

Notably, Help For Ukraine is a crypto fund actively promoted by the federal government authority, the Ministry of Digital Transformation of Ukraine. The initiative was organized by two firms with Ukrainian roots: Everstake, some of the trusted validators globally, and Kuna crypto change.

It marks a major milestone when a crypto initiative was supported by the state. It units a constructive instance for different international locations on how cryptocurrencies will be leveraged for the better good.

One other notable instance was the sale of the Ukrainian flag as an NFT for two,258 ETH (round $6.75 million) in an public sale organized by the decentralized autonomous group, Ukraine DAO.

For these unfamiliar with this organizational construction, DAOs are blockchain-native organizations ruled by good contracts, permitting people worldwide to prepare themselves for a shared goal and contribute to decision-making.

The aim of a DAO will be various, starting from planting bushes in a local people to discovering a remedy for most cancers. Lately, DAOs have gained reputation primarily as a result of their decentralized nature, transparency, and collective decision-making. The fantastic thing about this construction is that it doesn’t have centralized management over funds, that means the neighborhood decides how one can spend its treasury.

In consequence, to assist Ukrainians, a neighborhood of like-minded folks created a Ukraine DAO, which donated over $7 million in crypto in the course of the struggle, and it retains attracting consideration to the Ukraine-Russia struggle.

The struggle has additionally impacted the private use of cryptocurrencies by Ukrainian residents. In keeping with United Nations Excessive Commissioner for Refugees statistics, as of February 2024, nearly 6.5 million Ukrainians fled the nation because of the Russian invasion.

To stop capital outflows from the nation underneath martial regulation, the Ukrainian authorities put restrictions on residents’ cross-border transactions. In consequence, refugees who’ve left the nation have confronted difficulties in accessing their financial institution accounts. For numerous causes, a lot of them had been additionally unable to open financial institution accounts of their new nation. For such people, cryptocurrencies have emerged as a viable different.

The given examples present how Ukraine has used each doable instrument provided by blockchain know-how in its protection efforts, together with cryptocurrencies, NFTs, DAOs, and contributions from key business gamers.

Regardless of the numerous influx of donations within the type of cryptocurrencies in Ukraine, Russia has additionally actively used crypto in the course of the struggle, however not at all times in authorized methods.

The Elliptic report, ready within the first yr of the invasion, reveals that over 10% of pro-Russian donations had been sourced from illicit channels, together with sanctioned entities and darkish internet markets.

Nonetheless, the whole quantity of donations obtained by Russian organizations is significantly decrease than that of Ukraine. Chainalysis reports that Russian organizations obtained roughly $5.4 million in 2023. Regrettably, many of those entities concerned in cryptocurrency fundraising have publicly supported and praised potential struggle crimes and crimes towards humanity.

The struggle appears to have accelerated the adoption of cryptocurrency. Regardless of the legislative delay, many Ukrainians are already embracing cryptocurrency, eagerly anticipating the institution of a authorized framework.  

The unprovoked aggression slowed down Ukraine’s plans to develop into some of the engaging locations for the crypto enterprise. Nonetheless, the authorities are working to assist the business by establishing a authorized framework that’s conducive to the business’s growth and progress. It’s anticipated that the mandatory amendments to the tax regulation will probably be finalized within the close to future.

Blockchain and cryptocurrency have provided Ukraine important benefits regardless of the fixed considerations about donations to unlawful teams and using cryptocurrency for cash laundering and ransomware assaults. It has strengthened the nation’s resilience in these difficult instances and garnered international assist within the face of the Russian invasion.

Alla Melnichenko

Alla Melnichenko

Alla Melnichenko is a web3 and digital property lawyer based mostly in Dubai. She is among the many few authorized specialists within the MENA area who possess intensive expertise on this area. Previous to becoming a member of the web3 business, she had spent over a decade training industrial litigation. At present, she supplies assist and steerage to a various vary of business gamers to ascertain acceptable constructions for his or her ventures throughout a number of jurisdictions. Moreover, Alla is proud to serve not simply as a authorized practitioner but additionally as a contributor to the institution of digital asset laws in a number of jurisdictions.


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